TABLE OF CONTENTS
RG 001:006, Records of the Particular Court and County Court
Finding aid prepared by Connecticut State Library staff.
Copyright © 2012 by the Connecticut State Library
The first Connecticut judicial proceeding were probably held on April 26, 1636 at “A Corte holden in Newtown” (Hartford) under the commission granted to eight leaders by the General Court of Massachusetts Bay.
In 1638, the General Court established the Particular Court (often called the “Quarter Court” because it was required to meet every three months). While the General Court, later called the General Assembly, controlled the administration of justice, the Particular Court was the principal body until the union of the New Haven and Connecticut colonies and the granting of the Charter from King Charles II in 1662.
In 1665, with the new Charter, the Particular Court was abolished and two new levels of courts were established: the Court of Assistants in 1665, and the county courts one year later. Separate probate courts were established in 1698 to handle such matters as wills and estates.
The Court of Assistants was abolished in 1711. Its powers of original and appellate jurisdiction were assumed by the newly created Superior Court, the forerunner of the sole trial court of general jurisdiction, which exists in Connecticut today.
Court cases and documents, wills and inventories.
Arranged in 2 volumes numbered 2 and 3 and also numbered within the larger collection of Early General Records as volumes 55 and 56.
Restrictions on Access
Researchers should first consult use copies when available. See Alternate Form Available Section below.
Restrictions on Use
See the Reproduction and Publications of State Library Collections policy.
See Volume 1 of The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636-1776 [StLib Conn Doc G25] Available online through Internet Archive's American Libraries.
Connecticut -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 -- Sources
County courts -- Connecticut
Court records -- Connecticut -- Hartford
Probate records -- Connecticut -- Hartford
Connecticut. Court of Assistants
Available on microfilm on Reel LH 4420/21 (LDS 0004572).
Volume 2 published as Records of the Particular court of Connecticut, 1639-1663 [StLib Stacks F91 .C7 v.22].
Information from Volume 3 (EGR Vol. 56) is transcribed in Hartford County, Connecticut, County Court Minutes: Volumes 3 and 4, 1663-1687, 1697 [StLib Stacks F102.H3 U46 2005].
Manwaring, Charles WilliamA Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records.Hartford: 1836.Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.,1995.
T[rumbull]. A[nnie] E[liot], ed.Records of the Particular Court of the Colony of Connecticut: Administration of Sir Edmund Andros, Royal Governor, 1687-1677.Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1935.